At the cross-road of the three continents that border the Atlantic, there is an obligatory stop in the middle of the ocean, the Archipelago of Cabo Verde. Located 450 km off the coast of Senegal, it is composed of 10 islands and 8 islets. Of volcanic origin and positioned between parallels 15 and 17 of the North latitude, Cape Verde is made up of two distinctly different types of islands. Its six inhabited islands, located more to the West, are characterised by their mountainous landscapes, whereas the remaining three are distinguished by their long sandy beaches.
The islands are divided into two groups named according to the trade windsthat reach them from the African Continent: windward and leeward.
The first group consists of the islands of Santo Anto, S.Vicente, Santa Luzia, S.Nicolau, Sal, Boavista, and the second, more to theSouth, comprises the islands of Maio, Santiago, Fogo and Brava. The sun spreads its warmth the whole year round, soothed by the fresh seabreeze. The climate is tropical and dry.The average temperature is approximately 25C and changes do not exceed10C.
With vast beaches that allow for all types of water sports, impressive mountains, high quality fish, various types of delicious seafood and the melodious deauty of its music all distinguish Cape Verde as an exciting tourist destination.
Where politics are, the country is known for its stability and absence of any type of conflict. Because it is strongly influenced by Western culture, the people are mainly Christian and the majority of these are Catholic.
With a total land area of 4,033 km Cape Verde is one of the five Atlantic Archipelagos of the Macronesia. The others are Azores, Madeira, the Canary Islands and the Savage Isles.
SAO VICENTE E MINDELO
S.VICENTE is roughly rectangular with o surface area of 227 Km2. From east to west it measures 24 Km and from north to south no more than 16 Km. Although volcanic in origin, the island is quite flat. Its highest point is MONTE VERDE with an altitude of 774 m. Although a great amount of erosion has taken place, some craters still remain.
Discovered on St.Vincents Day (the 22nd of January), in 1462, the island remained practically uninhabited until the middle of the XIX century. It was only in 1838, when a coal deposit was established in PORTO GRANDE to supply ships on the Atlantic routes, that the population started to grow. Due to the lack of rain and consequent lack of natural resources, the economy of S.Vicente is based mainly on commerce and services. The town of MINDELO was named in honour of the liberal troops who disembarked on the beach of the some name in the north of Portugal.
MINDELO became an important port as it was a stopping point for ships from all over the world and sailors of many nationalities met together in the local bars and cafes. At the same time, the town became on important cultural centre where music, literature and sports were encouraged and developed.